Basics of full stack development: A tool for creating complex application

A full-stack development always has an upper hand in each and every aspect of web application development, which includes a front end, back end, operating systems, and other technologies. The significance requirement for this technology increased vastly in recent years. In nutshell, this full-stack technology allows you to create any kind of sophisticated application from scratch and helps in each and every stage of web application development.

Why Full Stack Development?

Unique code

Full-stack technology provides the ability to create a peculiar code for multiple technologies. As it allows developers to work with various kinds of useful tools that have simple and complex features. This would give an advantage to the company to go for full-stack development.

Excellent user experience

A full-stack development comprises various technologies including JS, HTML, PHP, CSS, etc. for producing a great user experience(UX). Deployment of full-stack results in neat and dynamic site design. It would help developers to include new add-ons that keen on developing interactive animation and graphics. This will reduce the dependency on the adoption of additional technologies, thereby enhancing your business efficiency.

Some common elements in any Full-stack technology:

Front end Development

Front end development is a component that completely deals with the part of an application in which the users can get interact. The prime technologies that actually required for front-end development are HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. Some additional third-party libraries like jQuery, Angular, and ReactJS are extremely useful in front-end development. 

Back-end Development

Unlike front-end, users may not able to deal with this part of development. But they can make use of this for better accessibility and smooth operation of an application. It incorporates various processes such as handling the database operations, user authentication and dealing with application logic.

There are multiple programming options available for back-end development such as Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, NodeJS, etc. Thus, developers can deploy a high market demand programming language from any of the above-mentioned languages.

Databases

A database is an integral part of any application, as every application required to store and access the data. So it is a must for developers to have clarification on choosing the right database to manage application-related data. Basically, there are two kinds of the database are available to choose from: Relational and NoSQL databases. Some widely used databases are MySQL, MongoDB, etc. 

Version Control System

The version control system records all the necessary changes made to application files over time in the development process, some specific versions can be recalled later if needed. Because of the availability of multiple versions of an application, it is hard to manage and recall the required version of an application. 

Here, the Version Control System comes into play in managing different application versions. A famous version control system called Git”, allows users to get the latest code, update a particular portion of the code, and change other user’s code as well.

Different software stacks

A stack is a collection of various technologies that work together to obtain the required result. It may also consist of an operating system and its application.

The choice of a full-stack development solely depends on the project and company requirements. We listed some of the most used stacks for web development technology down here:

LAMP stack

The LAMP stack is a popular stack that acts as the foundation for Linux hosted websites. As many stacks, LAMP too has some key components to its accounts, they are:  

  • Linux: The foundation for the stack, an open-source OS.
  • Apache: A web server software, it translates web browsers to the required website.
  • MySQL: An open-source database.
  • PHP: An open-source server-side scripting language.

Read: MEAN stack vs LAMP stack: Which is the right stack for your project?

MEAN stack

A JavaScript-based technology stack that is highly in-demand for its versatility. MEAN stack is famous for its fast, robust and reliable production web applications. Like LAMP stack, MEAN has four major components that are given as follows:

  • MongoDB: A NoSQL Database that stores data in binary JSON format.
  • Express: A lightweight and portable web program framework.
  • Angular.js: A JavaScript-web based robust framework, used for developing HTML5.
  • Nodejs: A JavaScript execution environment that is completely server-side.

Read: What is the future of MEAN stack in web app development? 

MERN stack

Although it’s not like MEAN stack, The MERN stack is also founded on JavaScript-based technologies. The four major components of MERN stacks are:

  • MongoDB: A Database that stores data in binary JSON format, basically a NoSQL.
  • Express: A lightweight and portable web program framework.
  • ReactJS: A JavaScript library for building dynamic user interfaces.
  • Nodejs: A JavaScript execution environment that is completely server-side.

Read: What is MERN stack and why it is the best fit for web development?

Summary

  • LAMP comprises Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP.
  • Full-stack development has various integral parts within it, such as application design, database, server, API and version control systems.
  • MEAN comprises MongoDB, Express, Angular.js, and Nodejs.
  • Full-stack technology ensures the smooth operation of an application. 
  • MERN comprises MongoDB, Express, React, Nodejs.
  • Full-Stack web development deals with both front-end and back-end of any application.

FINAL WORD

While discussing the topic basics of full-stack development, it is clear that all those technologies are powered with various features and capabilities. So, they can be adapted depending on the custom web development objectives.

So, having an idea to build a web application? Contact us for a free consultation on the full-stack web development project.

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