Overview of PHP
PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a conventional purpose scripting language that quickly became the popular server-side language of choice for web development. A majority of sites on the web today run on PHP, just because of its popularity as the top priority language for content management systems (CMS) like WordPress, Joomla, Drupal and other modern frameworks like Laravel, Symfony, and CakePHP that accelerates development process with this aged-language.
Overview of Node.js
PHP vs Node.js: Key differences
While both are server-side technologies, there are a few differences between a PHP and a Node.js:
PHP vs Node.js: APPLICATION DOMAIN
Node.js and PHP, both are used to serve-based web applications. They run on the server to handle requests which streamed to them. One can use either one of them for static content, dynamic web pages.
Node.js is a more popular option when it comes to serving web sockets—the go-to implementation is socket.io. This technology particularly used for serving upstream as well. However, Node.js has a very straightforward way of doing so with the stream API. PHP is a bit more complicated than you’ve got to do more of the low-level coding even to stream a video.
Where Node.js and PHP overlap each other at some point but Node.js is a bit more user-friendly and enables us to write modern web-based applications with Node.js. This results in better productivity.
PHP vs Node.js: EXTENSIBILITY
Basically, most developers want these technologies to fit their own circumstances. At any level, one can divide the source code, modify it, and compile to extend. But still many add-ons available in Node.js. Now, it’s important to note how extensible the Node.js and PHP is. They both similar in open source, and rich features of add-ons.
Node.js has a rich package registry called NPM(Node package manager) with strong community support. There are other Node.js package registries that act as great resources for application development.
PHP has two of the most popular package managers (i.e) PEAR and Composer. Both package managers have been around longer so the developer community needs more time to build alternatives. We may see Node.js as a better option to the forefront in the near future. In terms of extensibility, Node.js leads a bit in terms of package managers.
PHP vs Node.js: RUNTIME AND LANGUAGE
PHP is a scripting language. You could actually run it in a browser using an interpreter such as the Zend engine in the webserver module. PHP was made to deliver web content to browsers from a server.
Since PHP relies on various web servers, Node.js is the winner here since it acts on its own.
PHP vs Node.js: PROGRAMME TYPE AND EXECUTION SPEED
PHP is mostly synchronous with an exception in some APIs. In this scenario, the previous line of program code has a function that takes much time to execute so that the rest of the code has to wait which results in longer execution time.
Unlike PHP, Node.js code is asynchronous which means that the JS engine runs the entire code at once and there is no need for waiting for a function to get complete. Hence, Node.js is unbelievably fast compared to PHP code.
A program gets struck if there are a lot of functions that need to be chained. So the Node.js has a workaround for this issue as an asynchronous feature of Node.js enables a block of code to execute at any circumstances.
Considering the above factors, I would suggest Nodejs than PHP for application development since it has some peculiar advantages to its account:
EASY TO LEARN
When we discuss software app development with Node.js, there are very limited guidelines and dependencies. There are no particular rules for developers to choose a set architecture, which enables them to access the huge number of different modules. It is much easier to learn Node.js which is ideal when working with huge files.
As you have seen, In particular, the asynchronous and event-based architecture of Node.js makes it a great fit for Real-Time Applications (i.e instant messaging, collaborative apps) and Single-Page Applications in which many requests arise concurrently and data is frequently shuffled back and forth from the server-side to the client-side. Hence, choosing the Node.js platform over PHP is still a good choice.